孔門十哲 The Ten Disciples of Confucius
子貢 Zi Gong
Duanmu Ci (545 BC – 495 BC), courtesy name Cizi, was a politician, Confucian scholar, and one of the students of Confucius during the Spring and Autumn period in the State of Lu. He made significant contributions in politics, education, and ethical morals, and is revered as one of the representative figures of the Confucian school.
Duanmu Ci held several important positions in the State of Lu, including Grand Marshal and Grand Minister. With his intelligence and outstanding abilities, he made remarkable contributions to the governance and development of the country. He advocated that rulers should be guided by virtue and morality, ruling the state with benevolence and justice, and emphasizing the importance of law and order for the prosperity and social harmony of the nation.
As a student of Confucius, Duanmu Ci played a significant role in the inheritance and development of Confucian thought. He made important contributions to the study and dissemination of Confucian classics, compiling and organizing Confucius’ words and teachings, thus passing down his ideological system and providing valuable reference for later Confucian scholars. His thoughts covered ethical morals, education, and political governance, playing a crucial role in the advancement of Confucianism.
Duanmu Ci placed great importance on education, viewing it as the key to cultivating talents and promoting social progress. He advocated an education system that focused on fostering students’ character and moral cultivation, emphasizing comprehensive personal development and social harmony. He promoted the idea of respecting teachers and valuing diligent learning, emphasizing the significant role of education in individual growth and societal advancement.
Duanmu Ci’s thoughts and contributions have been revered and respected by later generations. He is honored as one of the representatives of the Confucian school, and his name and achievements have become an integral part of Chinese cultural tradition. His teachings and educational ideals have had a profound impact on later Confucian scholars and social development.